The Metropol in the System of the Soviet Intourist
In April 1929 Intourist, a public joint-stock company, responsible for attracting and reception of foreign guests in the USSR, was set up. Establishment of a company like that symbolized changes in the attitude to foreign tourists: foreign exchange was needed for the country industrialization and the Government was ready to do everything to get the currency. At the same time the best pre-Soviet hotels were united into the Hotel community that became a part of Intourist in 1933.
Naturally the Metropol could no longer remain the community of Soviet employees and it regained its pre-Revolutionary status of the best hotel of Moscow.
Bernard Show, Bertolt Brecht, Henri Barbusse, John Steinbeck, Marlene Dietrich, Claudia Cardinale, Jean Marais, Marcello Mastroianni, the pianist Van Cliburn would stay in the Metropol. The former emigrants Alexander Kuprin, Sergey Prokofiev, Alexander Vertinsky who came back from abroad also lived there.
In 1950 Stalin held an official reception ceremony for Mao Zedong to commemorate signature of the Sino-Soviet Treaty.
Until the mid 1960s apartments of the families who had moved to the hotel during the period of the 2nd House of the Soviets were still located there. It was a puzzle how the two absolutely different worlds - Muscovites and foreigners - co-existed in the hotel.
The famous writer Lyudmila Petrushevskaya, the author of “Little Girl from the Metropol”, lived in the Metropol for many years in her childhood.
In the 1940s the singers Vadim Kozin and Alexander Vertinsky had their apartments there.
From June 1948 to March 1949 there was an Israeli embassy on the third floor; the First Ambassador of the state and future Prime Minister Golda Meir, also lived in the Metropol. “This was a hotel for foreigners and it turned out to be a survival of another epoch. The huge rooms with glass chandeliers, long velvet curtains, heavy plush armchairs and even a piano in one of the rooms...”, she recalled later.
1986 - 1991 Second Birth of the Metropol
From 1986 to 1991 the hotel was reconstructed. Before the works were commenced, thorough historic and architecture studies had been carried out, the best restaurateurs of the country were engaged. Due to restoration of the unique historic interiors, the hotel preserved its uniqueness. At the same time complete technical reequipment was effected, so the Metropol became the Russia’s first hotel to receive a five star status. The Metropol is again among the leading hotels of world.